Surah An’aam, 112
وَكَذَٲلِكَ جَعَلۡنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِىٍّ عَدُوًّ۬ا شَيَـٰطِينَ ٱلۡإِنسِ وَٱلۡجِنِّ يُوحِى بَعۡضُهُمۡ إِلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ۬ زُخۡرُفَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ غُرُورً۬اۚ وَلَوۡ شَآءَ رَبُّكَ مَا فَعَلُوهُۖ فَذَرۡهُمۡ وَمَا يَفۡتَرُونَ
And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies – Shayâtin (devils) among mankind and jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications.
- Shaytaan from shatana – something very far away, something tied and very far away –> So Shaytaan is very distant from the mercy of Allah swt
- These troublemakers – every prophet had to deal with them. Shaytaan has his followers to go around whispering from the jinn.
- There are also evildoers from the humans – they distract from the pleasure of Allah. They have this capacity of evil as well.
- We see we have these 2 evil categories. Allah swt also gives us a defense in how to deal with them. ‘The best defense is a good offense.’
- Counter for the whispering of the shaytaan: When you recite the Qur’an, seek refuge in Allah from Shaytaan, the discarded. Say ‘audhobillah.
- Another place: Oh Allah, I seek refuge in you from the persuasiveness of the shaytaan.
- Attack the shaytaan before he attacks you. Ex before you even recite the Qur’an, say ‘audhobillah – you shut the door on the shaytaan.
- The other category – humans – is more complicated. How do you counter these people?
- Allah swt gives us a defensive strategy which is offensive – you go out and try to change what is happening.
- Nahl:125 – invite to the path of your Lord, with hikmah, hasanah, and warn – etiquettes of da’wah.
- Assess the sitaution of the person and then speak accordingly. Realize the person may have some emotional stress to manage all of that. P (S) said treat people according to their level (ie older person vs a younger person). Must take it all into consideration. Ex the grandsons of Prophet advising an old man making wudu’.
- Focus on the hikmah! Act accordingly. Do it with ihsaan. Try to curb people in a loving way.
- Changing is the key – alter it from wrong to right. Don’t do an information dump – that’s not enough.
- Fussilaat:34 – also speaking about da’wah – good and wrong cannot make good – 2 wrongs don’t make a right. If someone does wrong to you, do good to them. If you have animosity with someone, make this person your best friend if you repel his evil with good.
- One of the greatest qualities of the Prophet (S) – made his harshest enemies into his best of friends.
- Ex Bedouin who urinated in the masjid – the Prophet sat him down and explained him so respectfully why he shouldn’t. Man said he never met a teacher like that.
- Or when the youth asked permission to do zina – Sahabah were angry, the Prophet explained to him very nicely, calmly, lovely. Said would you approve if someone did it with your female relative? It clicked for him. The P (S) then placed his hand on the chest of that boy and said ‘Oh Allah, purify his heart.’ The boy was so touched by that act, that after, he said nobody despised more the act of zina than that boy.
- Ex Khalid ibn Waleed became one of the best leaders of the Ummah. Ikrimah the son of Abu Jahl – hated the Muslims – became a Muslim from the display of affection. He died as a shaheed. SubhanAllah. Hend, the wife of Abu Sufyan, who hired Wahshee to assassinate Hamza – chewed on his internal organs. Imagine that hatred. Abu Sufyan went to broker peace and Hend told people to kill her own husband, saying he was weak. Her heart turned by the genoristy, the kindness, respect given by Prophet (S). He (S) even wanted Wahshee to be Muslim – the man who killed his uncle!
- So for shayateen – we seek protection in Allah. For people – take the examples from the Qur’an and Sunnah – repel their evil with good. They may become Muslim later on.