Alhamdulillah, we finished Suratul Baqarah a few weeks ago in AlHuda – 2 and 1/2 juz done subhanAllah! Here’s a sharing of the last 2 verses inshaAllah:
‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbar radiAllahu ‘anhu, reported that Allah’s Messenger, sal Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said, ‘Rejoice in the two lights brought to you which have not been brought to any prophet before you: AlFatihah and the last verses of Surah al Baqarah (said an angel to the Prophet, sal Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) [Muslim]
ءَامَنَ ٱلرَّسُولُ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡهِ مِن رَّبِّهِۦ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَۚ كُلٌّ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَتِهِۦ وَكُتُبِهِۦ وَرُسُلِهِۦ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيۡنَ أَحَدٍ۬ مِّن رُّسُلِهِۦۚ وَقَالُواْ سَمِعۡنَا وَأَطَعۡنَاۖ غُفۡرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيۡكَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ
The Messenger has believed in the guidance which has been revealed to him from his Rabb and so do the believers. They all believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. They say We do not discriminate against any one of His Messengers and they say, “We hear and we obey. Grant us your forgiveness. Oh Rabb, To You we shall return.” (2:285)
SubhanAllah, this verse teaches us who exactly a believer is.
Aman comes from the root hamza, meem, noon and it means belief. This kind of belief is said with the tongue, is in the heart, and proven with actions. It includes 1) Qubool (acceptance) 2) Iqraar (acknowledgement) and 3) Idh’aam (to submit and act accordingly). GEM: Acceptance is through actions.
The Rasool (Messenger) is the one who receives Wahi and is given the book. The believers also believe in all that was sent. Here, Allah is confirming their Iman, subhanAllah.
Eman consists of believing in Allah’s existence, His Rububiyyah, His Uloohiyyah, and His Asmaa was Sifaat. The more Eman you have, the more guidance you receive.
Then, it’s mentioned that the believers believe in Allah’s Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. There is no distinction between them.
The Believers say ‘Sami’na wa ata’ana’ which means ‘We hear and we obey.’ Sami’na comes from the root seen, mee, ‘ayn and means to hear – to hear and to accept what you’ve heard. Ata’na comes from the root taw, wow, ‘ayn, and means to obey willingly. This is one of the greatest characteristic of the believer.
Then they say ‘Ghufranaka Rabbana’, which means ‘We seek your forgiveness, Oh our Lord.’ Notice how it is one word subhanAllah. The forgiveness word is *before* Rabbana showing the urgency with how badly we need it. Even in English, short sentences are more powerful. You don’t need a huge candy-coated sentence. One word is enough if you’re sincere.
The verse ends with our ultimate end – to Allah we will all return.
لَا يُكَلِّفُ ٱللَّهُ نَفۡسًا إِلَّا وُسۡعَهَاۚ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتۡ وَعَلَيۡہَا مَا ٱكۡتَسَبَتۡۗ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذۡنَآ إِن نَّسِينَآ أَوۡ أَخۡطَأۡنَاۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحۡمِلۡ عَلَيۡنَآ إِصۡرً۬ا كَمَا حَمَلۡتَهُ ۥ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِنَاۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلۡنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِۦۖ وَٱعۡفُ عَنَّا وَٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَٱرۡحَمۡنَآۚ أَنتَ مَوۡلَٮٰنَا فَٱنصُرۡنَا عَلَى ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلۡڪَـٰفِرِينَ
Allah does not burden any soul with more than it can bear. Everyone will enjoy the credit of his deeds and suffer the debits of his evil-doings. The Believers say “Oh Our Rabb! Do not punish us if we forget or make a mistake. Oh Our Rabb! And do not place on us a burden as you placed on those before us. Oh Our Rabb! Lay not on us the kind of burden that we have no strength to bear. Pardon us. Forgive us. Have mercy on us. You are our Protector. So help us against the disbelievers.” (2:286)
Takleef comes from kahf, laam, fa meaning to impose something on someone. It’s difficult to do – a takleef. Allah says here He does not put any diffculty on a persont that is more than he can bear. Whatever comes to us, we can do it. We’re responsible for our situation. The word used for ‘bear’ is wusa’aha – which actually means capacity. It comes from the root wa, seen, ‘ayn and means ability/capacity – to be vast and wide. It can be in ‘ilm, rizq, or ability. It’s what a person can do in normal circumstances, with ease. Again, Allah imposes commands depending on our ability.
In the Arabic, we have Kasabat followed by Iktasabat. Both come from the root kahf, seen, ba, meaning to earn, but what’s the difference? Iktasabat has an additional meaning of effort and desire. You had to work more for that.
In context, Kasabat was used for the good one earns, the reward. You get the reweard whether you put in the effort or not. Iktasabat is used for when you get punished. You had to put in effort to sin. It shows sinning is harder than doing good – it’s a deliberate action.
Then, the believers ask Allah not to take them to account for what they forget – nisyaana – and what they make a mistake in – akhta`na. Forgetting is something that happens after getting knowledge. You make a mistake when you do something without knoweledge.
The word tahmil (ha, meem, laam meaning to carry) is followed by ‘alayna (upon us). When it’s followed by ‘upon,’ it means to make someone carry. The believers are asking Allah to not make them carry something (a burden like the one given to those before) that they cannot bear. Isran means burden and it comes from the root hamza, sawd, ra. It is something so heavy that it prevents the carrier from moving. It heavily weights and limits a person. It can also be used for responsibility. Here, it refers to the difficult commands that make life hard.
Surah Baqarah had many stories about Bani Israa’eel and if we look at the commands they were given, they are very difficult. Their life was hard. We know it’s hard and do not want the same.
This last du’aa is absolutely beautiful subhanAllah. First the believers ask Allah to Pardon them (‘ayn, fa, wow – which means to wipe off, erase, remove the sins), then to Forgive them (ghayn, fa, ra – to cover and protect from the consequences of the sin), and finally to have Mercy on them (ra, haa, meem – mercy so they don’t continue the same sins). We don’t want Allah to deprive us of His Mercy now do we? SubhanAllah this is something we should always be asking for. The one who ask for forgiveness is the one who realizes how badly we all need it…
It then ends off with Anta Mawlana (wa, lam, ya – one who offers to help you) fansurna ‘ala al qawmil kaafireen. Mawla is the one who offers to help you and actually helps you in the time of need. Fansurna comes from nun, sawd, ra and means help and kaafireen refers to all disvelievers.
The Prophet sal Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam encouraged saying Ameen to this du’aa so Ameen thumma Ameen.