Continuing with word analysis, the next logical step would be taking a look at a’udhobillahi minash shaytaanir rajeem.’ It’s what we begin things with, what we say when we’re angry, what we say when we feel attacked by shaytaan, what we say to seek Allah (swt)’s protection. Let us see what it means. Here is it in Arabic:
َأُعُوذٌ بِاِللَّة مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِِِِ الرَّجِيمِ
Going word by word now:
أُعُوذٌ – A’udho – I seek refuge. It comes from the ع و ذ or root ‘ayn, wow, dhaal, and means to seek refuge from something, in someone.
بِاِللَّة – Bi’Allah – in Allah. It’s two words – ba, and Allah. Ba is just a single letter and can have up to seventeen meanings. Here it means ‘in’. Allah comes from the root ء ل ة or hamza, laam, haa. It means to amaze, impress someone. Allah (swt) is the One who amazes and impresses all of us through His creation.
مِنَ – Min – from. It’s another simple word like ba. It simply means from.
الشَّيْطَانِِِِ – Ash Shaytaan – Satan, Iblis. It comes from the root ش ط ن or sheen, taw, noon. ‘Shatana’ means to be far, or to oppose something. Iblis, or Satan, is from from Allah (swt)’s mercy and he opposes the truth.
الرَّجِيمِ -Ar Rajeem – the accursed. It comes from the root ر ج م or ra, jeem, meem, meaning the one who is stoned, cursed, punished. Stoning is usually done to drive someone away and it degrades a person. Shaytaan was kicked out of heaven and driven away from Heaven. This is his characteristic – rajeem. A side note – in Hajj, what do people do at Jamaraat? They stone, figuratively, the Shaytaan. Another example of his accursedness.
So that is it in a nutshell alhamdulillah 🙂 Please correct me if I made any mistakes. Wa Allahu ta’ala ‘alim.